Friday, May 15, 2020

8 Basic Steps to Great Speech Sounds! - Step 2 - Syllable Level

by Lauren Barnett, MA, CCC-SLP

SLP teaches about the Syllable level


The first step when working on speech sounds is the Isolation Level (read more about that here). 


Syllables

Syllables are the next step! You take the sound from isolation and add a vowel! For most sounds it is easier to do the target sound (usually a consonant) and add a vowel after it.

So for example, B would become "bay, bee, by, bow" Which is just: b+a, b+e, b+i, b+o. Some are nonsense syllables and some are real words. These are initial consonants.

You can do long vowels or short vowels. I usually stick to long vowel first, then do the short vowels later. Keeps me organized!

After your child can do syllables with the sound at the beginning, switch it around! Put the vowel before the consonant. This makes it a final consonant.

So, "b" would become "aeb, eeb, ieb, ob" Most of those are nonsense! But it's fun!!



activity to work on the syllable level


Speech Sound Slide

I like to do Sliding activities. So write the sound in the middle of the piece of paper. Then write the vowels in the corners.

Next, slide a toy or object (or just a finger) to the vowel. If your action from the Isolation Level was an animal, you can use a toy that represents that animal and move that. Or find a clip art or picture and move that.

The more fun you make it, the more likely your child will want to practice!

Want to see this in action?! Check out my YouTube channel!

So, what's next? First we worked on the sound at the Isolation Level and now we've done Syllables.

Next, we make real words!  I'll talk more about that in the next post!

-Lauren :)

Speech Language Pathologist teaches how to work on sounds at the Syllable Level



Disclosure: Some of the links in the post above may be “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Please know that I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255: “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”

Thursday, May 14, 2020

8 Basic Steps to Great Speech Sounds! - Step 1 - Isolation Level

by Lauren Barnett, MA, CCC-SLP

Speech Therapist stands on steps to demonstrate how speech sounds develop


Do you wonder why your child can say "s" "s" "s" but then when you are talking about his sunglasses it doesn't sound like an English word at all? More like "thun-glath-ith" or maybe "tunglatit."

Or maybe she can say her "g" sound when you have her repeat "g" "g" "g" but then when she asks for her "goggles" there is not a "g" sound in there!

Speech sounds develop in stages or steps. Going from "g" to "Mom! I can't find my goggles" would be like trying to step up 5 stairs at once! Yikes!

So, here are a the steps, one at a time!


Isolation Level

Isolation is the step where you say just the speech sound. Don't add a vowel yet! Some sounds are easier to say in isolation. The stretchy sounds like "ffffff" or "sssssss." The explosive sounds are a little harder but you can do it! "B" not "buh." "K" not "kuh" or "kay"


We want to make sure placement is correct. Lips are where they are supposed to be. Tongue parts are touching where they are supposed to go.


I love to act this step out! And the kids do, too!

There are some therapists who follow programs that indicate a good action for each sound, which is fine! But I find that if we just think about the sound and what we associate with it, we can come up with some very motivating motions! And very personal to the child!


The "K" can be the Stomping Sound.  If you brought your flattened hand down to the table to make a dinosaur stomp that would be a great action! But if your little one doesn't like dinosaurs, you could stomp like an elephant. Or stomp like a polar bear. Or stomp like a large alien. Or anything else that stomps!!

Use your imagination! Say the sound in isolation over and over and over to yourself while you figure out what actions are associated with it!

(a few more hints: "sh" reminds me of sprays out of a spray bottle, "f" reminds me of the sound of wiping a cloth on the table or ice skates scraping on ice, "k" reminds me of the sound of a light switch flicking on and off)

the "sh" sound is like a spray bottle


the "ffff" sound is like the wiping of a table

the "k" sound is like a light switch clicking on and off




Consonants

Go through the alphabet eliminating the vowels and you'll end up with most of the sounds we work on in Speech Therapy... but there are a few more!


A  -  B  - C  - D  -  E  -  F  - G  - H  -  I  -  J  -  K  -  L  -  M  -  N  -  O  -  P  -  Q*  -  R  -  S  -  T  -  U  -  V  -  W  -  X*  -  Y  -  Z


But don't forget the sounds where two letters make one sound:

sh!

ch!

th! (and there's two of these... quiet "th" like in thumb; and voiced "th" as in "them")

ng! (yep, that's one sound and it's not "n" plus "g"...it is its own sound!)

Z (as in measure or treasure)


*Some letters in the alphabet actually represent two sounds: X (is "k+s") and Q (is "k+w") So these are blends and are harder!


As kiddos get older they will need to work on blends:
s-blends like sp, st, sk, sl, etc...
l-blends like pl, sl, kl, etc...
r-blends like pr, str, kr, etc...


So, now you know what sound you need to work on (need help with that? I'm developing a Parent-Speech Screener look for that soon!) and what actions you are going to do for that sound!

Have fun acting out sounds!! Do this for a few minutes each day!

Now, if your child cannot pronounce the sound you are practicing, make sure you are not working on a sound that is too advanced!

Your 2 year old does not need to be able to say the "th" sound! Check out "When Should My Child Say..." to find out what sounds should be mastered by different ages!

But do know: some kiddos produce the sounds at younger ages! There are some 3 year olds clearly saying "s" even though it is a "5 Year Old Sound."  So try out the sound and see if your child makes progress on it!


Struggling Still?

If after a little bit your child is still struggling, reach out to a certified Speech Language Pathologist in your area! They can let you know if it is developmentally appropriate to struggle with the sound or if it's something that might need more professional intervention.

Not all kiddos need speech... but some do!

I do not like a "wait-and-see" approach, I'd rather try something while we wait!


Isolation is just the First Step!

But saying the sound in isolation is just the first step. The next step is:  Syllables!! That will be the next post!!





- Lauren :)


Disclosure: Some of the links in the post above may be “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Please know that I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255: “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

How to use Fruit and Veggies to Develop Language Skills

by Lauren Barnett, MA, CCC-SLP



I love going to a farmer's market and finding new treasures (or delicious favorites!). And I love to wander through the produce department randomly smelling fruit and veggies that I pick up!

I have long thought that grocery stores and produce areas in general make for a great starting place for language development!

So I thought it was high time that I show you a few of the language skills that you can work on at home after a shopping trip or even right there in the produce department!!

Friday, April 17, 2020

S Word Fun - a charades style game to practice speech

by Lauren Barnett, MA, CCC-SLP

ideas of how to make speech therapy practice fun by playing charades!


Practicing speech sounds over and over and over can be a bit of a drag... don't you think? However, there is a way to practice, make a game and have fun all at the same time!

How is that possible, you may ask! Over the years, I have been creating cards with speech sounds and making a charades style game with speech words!

Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Soccer Ball Board Game for Speech Therapy practice


by Lauren Barnett, MA, CCC-SLP




Board games are so much fun and with all of the creative people there are in the world, there are so many different kinds!

We do theme based activities in our therapy session and we are currently focused on Sports!

Thursday, May 9, 2019

Cowboy Matching Game for Speech Practice

by Lauren Barnett, MA, CCC-SLP




Matching games are always fun! Here's a little bit of how I used a Cowboy Matching Game to practice speech sounds with my kiddos:

Wednesday, May 8, 2019

How to Play the Farm Roll and Cover Game

by Lauren Barnett, MA, CCC-SLP



I love a trip to the farm, even if it's just in a game! Cows! Horses! Pigs! Oh my!!

Here's a little game that you can play with your child while you practice your speech sounds!



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